The Net Promoter Score is most people's go-to measure for evaluating companies, brands, and business units. However, the the standard way of computing the NPS - subtract the promoters from the detractors - is a bit of a pain. And, in most apps, you cannot use it in stat tests, so you are never really sure when the NPS moves whether it reflects a change in performance, or just some random noise in the data.

Once you have issued your customer feedback survey and collected your Net Promoter Scores, it's time to recode your data for analysis. We'll cover the standard method of computing NPS, and suggest a smarter alternative.

## The standard way of computing the NPS

The table to the right shows data for Apple.  Fourteen (14.4%) said they were Not at all likely to recommend Apple, 2.6% gave a rating of 1 out of 10, 2.0% gave a rating of 2, etc. If we add up the first seven categories (0 through 6), 51% of people in this data set are Detractors. Adding up categories 7 and 8 gives us 31% Neutrals, and then the remaining 18% are Promoters. So, in this data set, Apple's NPS is -33.3, which is not great. (Among Apple customers, the NPS is much higher.)

## A smarter way

The table below shows the raw data for the 153 people in the data set. The actual ratings, out of 11, are shown in the Recommend: Apple column. The second column shows the recoded data, where the original values are replaced by new values. The trick is to replace values of 0 through 6 with -100, values of 7 or 8 become 0, and values of 9 or 10 get a new value of 100. The column on the right shows the recoded data.

Why is this recoding clever? Once you have recoded the data this way, you can compute the NPS by computing the average, and you get exactly the same answer as you do when using the standard way.

## Why the smarter way is so much smarter

The genius of the smarter way is that we can now compute NPS using any analysis app that is able to compute an average. For example, I have used the multiway table feature in Displayr to compute the NPS for Apple by age and gender, by just selecting the three variable (age, gender, and the recoded NPS variable).

The multiway table is created using Insert > More > Tables > Multiway Table.

## Doing this with your own data using Displayr

The fastest way to do do this is to start using Displayr, and then:

1. Import a data set: Home > New Data Set (Data). If you want to play around with a live example where the data is already in Displayr, click here.
2. Select the variable set containing the likelihood to recommend data from the Data Sets tree and select Insert > Transform > Recode Net Promoter Score (NPS) Variable(s). This will create a new variable set with recoded data.
3. Drag the variable set onto the page, so that it creates a summary table of the average of each variable, which is the NPS.

Alternatively, if you want to do the calculations "by hand":

1. Import a data set: Home > New Data Set (Data). If you want to play around with a live example where the data is already in Displayr, click here.
2. Drag the variable containing the likelihood to recommend data from the Data Sets tree onto the page, so that it creates a table (like the first table in this post).
3. Select the variable in the Data Sets tree.
4. In the DATA VALUES section of the Object Inspector, click the Values button.
5. Change the entries in the Value column so that they look like those to the right, and press OK.
6. Change the Structure to Numeric (in the Object Inspector on the right). This will cause the table to show the Average, which gives us the NPS.